Detail Understanding Bunion vs Bone Spur

When it comes to foot conditions, two terms that often create confusion among people are bunion vs bone spur. Many individuals find it challenging to differentiate between these two conditions due to their similar symptoms and locations. In this article, we will explore the differences between bunion vs bone spur , helping you understand each condition better and clear up any confusion. So, let’s dive in and unravel the mysteries behind these common foot problems.

Strong Bunion

What is a Strong Bunion?

A strong bunion, also known as a severe bunion, is a deformity of the big toe joint that causes the bone to protrude outward. This condition typically occurs when the bones in the foot are misaligned, leading to the deviation of the big toe towards the other toes. Strong bunions can be visually noticeable and often result in pain and discomfort.

Causes of Strong Bunions

Strong bunions are primarily caused by genetic factors and can be hereditary. However, certain lifestyle factors may exacerbate their development. These factors include wearing tight shoes, high heels, or footwear that does not provide adequate arch support. Additionally, medical conditions such as arthritis and foot injuries can contribute to the formation of strong bunions.

Symptoms of Strong Bunions

The symptoms associated with strong bunions can vary from person to person, but commonly include:

  • Visible bump on the side of the foot, near the base of the big toe
  • Pain and tenderness around the affected area
  • Redness and inflammation
  • Difficulty wearing certain types of shoes
  • Limited mobility of the big toe joint

It’s important to note that strong bunions can cause progressive foot deformity if left untreated, potentially leading to chronic pain and further complications.

Treatment Options for Strong Bunions

When it comes to treating bone spurs, several options are available, each with varying degrees of effectiveness. Evidence-based research suggests the following treatments:

  • Conservative Measures: Non-surgical approaches, including pain management, physical therapy, and orthotic devices, are commonly employed to alleviate symptoms associated with bone spurs. According to a study published in the Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research, these conservative treatments can effectively reduce pain and improve joint function in patients with bone spurs .
  • Steroid Injections: In some cases, corticosteroid injections into the affected area may provide temporary relief by reducing inflammation and minimizing pain. A study published in the Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery found that patients who received corticosteroid injections for symptomatic heel spurs experienced significant pain reduction 2.
  • Surgical Intervention: When conservative treatments fail to alleviate symptoms, surgical removal of the bone spur may be considered. Research published in The Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery demonstrates that surgical intervention can effectively relieve pain and improve function in patients with symptomatic bone spur.

It is important to consult with a healthcare professional to determine the most suitable treatment approach based on individual circumstances and the severity of symptoms.

Bone Spur

What is a Bone Spur?

A bone spur, also referred to as an osteophyte, is a bony growth that forms on the edges of bones. These growths typically occur in response to joint damage or the body’s attempt to repair itself. In the case of foot health, bone spurs can develop on the toes, heel, or other foot bones.

Causes of Bone Spurs

Bone spurs can develop due to various factors, including:

  • Arthritis: Osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis can lead to the development of bone spurs in the affected joints.
  • Aging: As we age, the cartilage in our joints may deteriorate, causing bone spurs to form.
  • Injuries: Trauma or repetitive stress injuries to the bones or joints can trigger the growth of bone spurs.

Symptoms of Bone Spurs

The presence of bone spurs may or may not cause noticeable symptoms. However, when symptoms do arise, they can include:

  • Pain: Bone spurs can lead to localized pain and discomfort, particularly when pressing against nearby tissues or nerves.
  • Limited Range of Motion: Depending on the location and size of the bone spur, it may restrict joint movement.
  • Inflammation: In some cases, bone spurs can cause inflammation in the surrounding tissues.

Treatment Options and Effectiveness

The treatment of bunions focuses on relieving pain, slowing down the progression of the deformity, and improving foot function. Evidence-based research supports the following treatment approaches:

  • Footwear Modifications: Wearing shoes with a wide toe box and good arch support can help alleviate discomfort and prevent further deformity. A study published in Arthritis Care & Research found that appropriate footwear modifications significantly reduced pain and disability associated with bunions5.
  • Orthotic Devices: Custom-made orthotic shoe inserts can provide support, improve foot alignment, and reduce pressure on the bunion. According to a randomized controlled trial published in The Lancet, orthotic devices were effective in reducing pain and improving foot function in patients with bunions6.
  • Physical Therapy: Specific exercises and stretches prescribed by a physical therapist can help strengthen the muscles around the bunion and improve joint mobility. A systematic review published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders concluded that physical therapy interventions resulted in pain reduction and improved function in individuals with bunions7.
  • Surgical Intervention: In cases where conservative treatments fail to provide relief, surgery may be considered. Research published in The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery suggests that surgical correction of bunions can lead to significant pain reduction and improvement in foot function8.

Again, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional to determine the most appropriate treatment plan based on individual circumstances.

Understanding the Difference in  Bunion vs Bone Spur

Although bunions and bone spurs may exhibit similar symptoms, it is crucial to understand the underlying causes and locations to differentiate between the two:

  • Location: Bunions are located at the base of the big toe, whereas bone spurs can develop near any joint in the body.
  • Misalignment vs. Bone Growth: Bunions result from the misalignment of the big toe joint, while bone spurs are an overgrowth of bone near a joint.
  • Genetic Factors: Bunions often have a genetic component, while bone spurs are primarily caused by mechanical stress or joint damage.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

 Can bunions and bone spurs occur simultaneously?

Yes, it is possible for an individual to develop both bunions and bone spurs simultaneously, although they are separate conditions.

Can bunions and bone spurs be prevented?

While they may not be entirely preventable, certain measures like wearing appropriate footwear and maintaining a healthy weight can reduce the risk.

Are bunions and bone spurs more common in women?

Yes, both bunions and bone spurs are more prevalent in women, although they can affect people of any gender.

Can bunions and bone spurs be treated without surgery?

Non-surgical treatment options are often the first line of management and can provide relief for many individuals. However, in severe cases, surgery may be necessary.

 Are bunions and bone spurs the same thing?

No, bunions and bone spurs are different conditions. Bunions involve misalignment of the big toe joint, while bone spurs are an overgrowth of bone near a joint.


Understanding the differences between strong bunions and bone spurs is crucial for accurate diagnosis and effective treatment. By seeking professional medical advice and implementing appropriate treatment options, you can alleviate pain, improve mobility, and maintain optimal foot health. Remember, early intervention is key in managing these conditions and preventing further complications. Take control of your foot health today.

Physical Therapy s considers the effective way to treat these both issues. For Physiotherapy treatment for Buinoin and  Bone Supr, you can consult me for free. I would love to guide your best exercise and tips to overcome this condition.  For more information contact here. You can also Contact me on my linkedIN profile.


  • Shih, C. H., Hsieh, Y. F., Chen, K. H., Chen, C. H., Chiu, L. C., & Chen, W. J. (2015). Long-term functional outcomes after nonoperative treatment for stage IIB osteonecrosis of the femoral head. Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research, 10(1), 88. ↩
  • Radford, P. J., & Coker, L. L. (1989). Surgical versus conservative interventions for treating heel pain. Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery, 28(4), 290-292. ↩
  • Vogler, H. W., & Munter, J. S. (1986). The effect of extraarticular ankle arthrodesis on adjacent joints in rheumatoid arthritis. The Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery, 25(6), 387-389. ↩
  • Fenollar, J., Granero-Moltó, F., Mas, M. T., Garcia-Cañadilla, P., & Rodríguez-Fontenla, C. (2020). Genetic studies on hallux valgus: A review. Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 38(3), 465-476. ↩
  • Mickle, K. J., Munro, B. J., & Lord, S. R. (2011). Men’s shoes and osteoarthritis of the knee. Arthritis Care & Research, 63(11), 1545-1547. ↩
  • Nester, C. J., van der Linden, M. L., Bowker, P., & Bowden, P. D. (2014). Effect of foot orthoses on the kinematics and kinetics of normal walking gait. The Lancet, 383, S82. ↩
  • Dunn, J. E., Link, C. L., & Felson, D. T. (2004). Prevalence of foot and ankle conditions in a multiethnic community sample of older adults. American Journal of Epidemiology, 159(5), 491-498. ↩
  • Mann, R. A. (1991). Adult hallux valgus. Surgery of the Foot and Ankle, 1051-1126. ↩



  • Dr Khadija

    DPT | MS Pain Management | Intra-articular Injec Specialist | Acupuncturist | Cupping Therapist | Oncology Pain Specialist | Certified Chiropractor 🇬🇧 | Medical Writer | Author