Best Physical Therapy for Trigger Finger Treatment

As a physiotherapist specializing in hand conditions, I understand the significant impact trigger finger can have on an individual’s daily life. Trigger finger, medically known as stenosing tenosynovitis, is a condition characterized by the inflammation of the tendons in the fingers, leading to difficulty in finger movement. This condition can cause discomfort, pain, and hinder the ability to perform routine tasks involving hand movements.The condition can be cured with Physical therapy treatment for trigger finger along with other treatment options.

Benefits of Physical Therapy for Trigger Finger

hand exercises for trigger finger

In my practice, I’ve seen numerous patients struggling with trigger finger, and I empathize with the challenges they face. From the inability to grasp objects to experiencing a clicking or locking sensation when bending or straightening fingers, the limitations posed by hand exercises for trigger finger can be distressing for individuals seeking relief and restoration of hand function.

Physiotherapy plays a pivotal role in the comprehensive treatment plan for trigger finger. It focuses on enhancing finger mobility, reducing inflammation, and strengthening the affected tendons and muscles. One of the key elements of physiotherapy intervention involves hand exercises for trigger finger aimed at improving the flexibility and movement of the fingers affected by trigger finger.

Hand exercises for trigger finger

As a physiotherapist specializing in hand rehabilitation, I’ve found tendon gliding exercises to be immensely beneficial for individuals dealing with trigger finger. These exercises are carefully designed to promote flexibility, reduce discomfort, and enhance the range of motion in the affected fingers. Below, I’ll provide a detailed hand exercises for trigger finger, that effectively manage and improve the symptoms of trigger finger through targeted hand movements.

Straight Exercise:

  • Begin with your palm facing down, fingers extended.
  • Slowly bend your middle and end joints of your fingers, creating a hook-like shape.
  • Straighten your fingers fully, making sure to keep the other joints bent.
  • Repeat this motion smoothly, aiming for 10 repetitions.
  • Perform on both hands.
exercise straight
exercise straight

Salute Exercise:

  • Start with your fingers extended and joined together.
  • Gradually bend your fingers down to touch the base of your fingers while keeping the base joint straight.
  • Return to the starting position with fingers extended.
  • Repeat this movement, ensuring a smooth flow, for about 10 reps.
  • Perform on both hands.
exercise salute

Hook Exercise:

  • Begin with your fingers partially bent.
  • Slowly straighten your fingers while keeping your thumb bent within your palm.
  • Curl your fingers to form a hook-like shape.
  • Repeat this movement smoothly, aiming for around 10 repetitions.
  • Perform on both hands.
hook exercise

Straight Fist Exercise:

  • Start with your fingers in a partially bent position.
  • Gradually straighten your fingers while maintaining the base joint bent.
  • Form a fist with your fingers extended.
  • Return to the starting position with fingers partially bent.
  • Repeat this sequence smoothly for about 10 reps.
  • Perform on both hands.
straiht fist exercise

Guidelines of hand exercises for trigger finger:

  • Perform these exercises slowly and gently without forcing any movement.
  • Focus on smooth and controlled motions rather than speed.
  • Repeat each exercise about 10 times for a comfortable stretch.
  • Perform these exercises 2-3 times a day or as advised by your physiotherapist.
  • If you experience pain or discomfort during any exercise, stop immediately and consult your healthcare professional.

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Trigger Finger Exercises after Surgery

Trigger finger exercises after surgery highly effective in aiding the recovery process. These exercises, carefully crafted to target the affected tendons and muscles, play a pivotal role in restoring hand function and alleviating the symptoms associated with trigger finger post-surgery.

By diligently practicing these trigger finger exercises after surgery, patients can experience several benefits, including:

  • Improved Flexibility: Tendon gliding hand exercises for trigger finger facilitate improved flexibility in the fingers, allowing smoother movement without the characteristic catching or locking sensation associated with trigger finger.
  • Reduced Discomfort: Engaging in hand exercises for trigger finger helps in reducing post-operative discomfort, minimizing swelling, and easing any residual pain or stiffness in the affected fingers.
  • Enhanced Range of Motion: Regular practice of these hand exercises for trigger finger aids in gradually restoring the complete range of motion in the fingers, enabling patients to perform daily activities with greater ease and comfort.

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  • Faster Recovery: Patients who diligently adhere to a prescribed exercise regimen typically experience a faster recovery following trigger finger surgery. These trigger finger exercises after surgery contribute significantly to the overall rehabilitation process, expediting healing and improving hand functionality.
  • Prevention of Recurrence: Consistent practice of post-surgery trigger finger exercises can help prevent the recurrence of symptoms by maintaining tendon health, strength, and flexibility in the fingers.

The effectiveness of these trigger finger exercises after surgery lies not only in their ability to address the immediate post-operative symptoms but also in their long-term impact on preventing future occurrences and maintaining hand health. However, it’s important for patients to follow their physiotherapist’s guidance regarding hand exercises for trigger finger frequency, technique, and progression to achieve optimal results.

Other Treatment for Trigger Finger

  • Splinting: Wearing a splint to immobilize the affected finger can alleviate symptoms by resting the tendon and reducing irritation.

I have written complete information of choosing best trigger finger medical devices. Don’t miss to read this blog here 

  • Medication: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may be prescribed to reduce inflammation and alleviate pain associated with trigger finger.
  • Steroid Injections: Injections of corticosteroids into the tendon sheath can help reduce swelling and alleviate symptoms for some individuals.
  • Surgical Intervention: For severe or persistent cases, surgical release of the affected tendon may be recommended to allow for smoother movement of the tendon within the sheath.

In my other article i have share the information of different trigger finger surgery its methods and benefits, don’t skip this article if you have trigger finger hand condition. 


Trigger finger, a condition causing finger stiffness and discomfort, can be managed through various treatments. hand exercises for trigger finger like tendon gliding exercises are vital for post-surgery recovery, improving flexibility and reducing pain. Other options such as splinting, medication, injections, hand exercises, and surgery offer alternatives based on severity and individual response, providing a multidimensional approach to alleviate trigger finger symptoms.








  • Dr Khadija

    DPT | MS Pain Management | Intra-articular Injec Specialist | Acupuncturist | Cupping Therapist | Oncology Pain Specialist | Certified Chiropractor 🇬🇧 | Medical Writer | Author